Facebook’s official statement announced that the Oversight Board would address ever more complex debates and issues about what types of content should be allowed on or removed from Facebook and Instagram as well as who should make that decision. The board will prioritize the cases that could potentially affect many users, that are highly important for public discourse, or that raise questions about Facebook’s policies. The declaration also affirmed that the decisions taken will be final and binding, and, as such, must be adopted by Facebook as long as they do not contravene any laws.
Although it is not possible to review every case, it is possible to analyze the most pressing and emblematic ones. Catalina Botero explains that they will review “The most pressing to try and avoid human rights violations and the most emblematic as they are the ones that will allow us to create precedents, make decisions in similar cases, and ask Facebook to amend its policies or provide the national and international regulators with criteria to adopt appropriate decisions when moderating Internet content.”
The dean affirmed that “It is fundamental to create a clear set of rules to moderate Internet content that takes the international norms of human rights very seriously as well as, specifically, the international standards in terms of freedom of expression.
For her, it is not desirable that the platforms themselves are the ones in charge of deciding if information that could be of public interest should remain on or be expelled from the digital arena. However, this role should also not be given to governments as, “it is the equivalent of giving them the key to digital censorship, which damages debate and democracy.”
Botero has also worked as special rapporteur for Freedom of Expression at the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights for the Organization of American States (OAS) and as an associate judge at the Constitutional Court of Colombia. She takes on this challenge enthusiastically and committedly.
She concludes by saying that “We are ultimately seeking to try to keep the Internet as it is today, to make sure that its architecture is not destroyed, and that the norms to moderate content that protect human rights do not undermine the democratizing potential of social networks.”
Óscar Rosales, Alejandro Ortiz, and Laura Streubel were the student members of the team, which was directed by Sergio Londoño and Juan Amaya and won t